5 HTP 5-HTP (5-Hydroxytryptophan) is an amino acid that is the intermediate step between tryptophan and the important neurotransmitter serotonin, an important neurotransmitter that helps regulate appetite, mood and sleep. 5-HTP is one step closer to serotonin t
5 Hydroxytryptophan is a derivative of the amino acid tryptophan and a precursor to the neurotransmitter serotonin, which is a key regulator of mood, sleep, and appetite. Serotonin has been shown to alleviate depression, aid in weight loss, prevent migraine headaches, decrease the discomfort of fibromyalgia, improve sleep quality, and reduce anxiety.
5-HTP easily enters the bloodstream and converts to serotonin. Taken orally, 70% of 5-HTP is converted to serotonin, as compared to only 3% of tryptophan.
5-HTP is a direct precursor of the important inhibitory neurotransmitter serotonin. It is a natural substance that converts in the brain into serotonin. Serotonin is secreted in response to mood or emotion swings
Alanine Alanine is a non essential amino acid, important for the metabolism of tryptophan and pyridoxine. Alanine helps regulate blood sugar and is necessary for the promotion of proper blood glucose levels from dietary protein. Alanine is involved in gluconeogenesis - the manufacture of glucose from alanine by the liver.
Alanine is a source of energy for muscle tissue and nervous system, where the body uses it as a fuel. Alanine is used by the body to build protein and to produce energy. Alanine strengthens the immune system by producing antibodies, and helps in the metabolism of sugars and organic acids. Alanine is an inhibitory or calming neurotransmitter in brain. Alanine is an important cofactor in the storage of energy from the body's Kreb cycle. Alanine is known to build the immune system and be helpful in the post-injury state.
Arginine Arginine promotes natural growth hormone (GH) release from the pituitary gland. The body needs Arginine to repair itself properly during the state of sleep.
Arginine metabolizes body fat and tones muscle, increases sperm count in males, aids in the healing of wounds and has been shown to retard the growth of tumors and cancer, increases protein synthesis (reduce protein catabolism), regulates hormone secretion, and increases polyamine synthesis and thymus function. Arginine supports the immune system as well as maintains a positive nitrogen balance in the body.
Asparagine Asparagine is a non essential amino acid, Asparagine is made from Aspartic Acid plus ATP (adenosine tri-phosphate).
Required by the nervous system to maintain equilibrium and is required for amino acid transformation from one form to the other inside the liver.
Asparagine functions as a neurotransmitter, of particular interest is that Aspartic Acid and Asparagine have high concentrations in the hippocampus and the hypothalamus. The hippocampus is a part of the brain that plays the main role in short-term memory, while the hypothalamus is involved in the biology of emotion, and serves as a neurological gate between the brain and the rest of the nervous system.
Aspartic Acid Aspartic Acid can be found naturally in plant proteins, is a non essential amino acid that may be interconvertible with the amino acid Asparagine. Asparatic acid is synthesized from the amino acid glutamate.
Aspartic acid is converted intracellularly into oxaloacetate, a substrate in the energy-producing Krebs cycle, and is a carrier molecule for the transport of potassium and magnesium into the cell. L-Aspartic Acid is central to the formation of both RNA and DNA the pancreatic cells and insulin production of aspartic acid are in position 57 of the DNA chain. Aspartic acid is alanine with one of the β hydrogens replaced by a carboxylic acid group.
Aspartic acid can help some body functions such as metabolism during the process of constructing amino acids and biochemicals, as well as generating immunoglobulin and antibodies. Aspartic acid is beneficial for neural health, assists the liver to remove excess toxins and waste from the circulatory system by ridding itself of highly toxic ammonia.
Carnitine Carnitine is important in the efficient metabolism of fats and the acceleration of the oxidation of fat.
Carnitine's major role in fatty acid transfer (energy burning) across the mitochondria membrane of cells, and therefore, is a great weight control nutrient. Carnitine is important in mobilizing fatty tissue deposits and removal of ketones, which are a waste by-product of fat metabolism. Provides energy to muscles; believed to increase tolerance during aerobics and other physical activities. Carnitine is mandatory for the transport of long-chain fatty acids into the mitochondria for beta oxidation. Ketogenesis in the liver and kidneys is dependent upon carnitine. A deficiency in carnitine can result in an inability to lose weight. Carnitine plays a key role in the mitochondral transport of acetyl Coenzyme A from inside the mitochondria to the cytoplasm.
Carnosine Carnosine is found in high concentrations in skeletal muscle tissue, heart muscle, nerve tissue and the brain. L-Carnosine is an anti-oxidant properties, neurotransmitter and a regulator of zinc and copper concentrations in in nerve cells.
L-Carnosine is a dipeptide composed of the amino acids beta-alanine and L-histidine. It occurs naturally in muscle, brain and other tissues in high concentrations. In vitro studies, L-carnosine reduced glycation, a process in which DNA and protein are damaged by glucose.
The end products of glycation are highly reactive molecules called advanced glycation end products (AGEs) which can further damage proteins, lipids and nucleic acids.
The accumulation of AGEs is associated with aging.
Promotes energy, stimulates the immune system and detoxifies ammonia, which damages all living cells. This amino acid also helps keep the liver functioning properly. Supports the body in optimizing blood flow through its conversion to L-arginine and then nitric oxide. Nitric oxide is involved in vasodilatation and low levels are associated with mental and physical fatigue and sexual dysfunction.
Cysteine Cysteine a conditionally essential sulfur bearing amino acid, derived by the combination of methionine and pyridoxal 5 phosphate (vitamin B6). Acetylcysteine is the N-acetyl derivative of L-cysteine, and the precursor form to glutathione.
N-acetyl-L-cysteine (NAC) is a derivative of L-cysteine wherein an acetyl group is attached to the nitrogen atom, and the precursor form to glutathione.
Cystine Cystine is an oxidized dimeric, absorbable form of cysteine, formed by linking two cysteine residues via a disulfide bond.
Cystine functions as an antioxidant and is a powerful aid to the body in protecting against radiation and pollution. It can help slow down the aging process, deactivate free radicals, neutralize toxins; aids in protein synthesis and presents cellular change. Cystine is necessary for the formation of the skin, which aids in the recovery from burns and surgical operations. Hair and skin are made up 10-14% Cystine.
Promotes a faster recovery from surgery/injury, and increases white cell activity in the immune system increasing resistance to disease. May help with respiratory problems such as bronchitis.
Dimethylglycine Dimethylglycine is a non-protein amino acid naturally found in both animal and plant cells. Dimethylglycine is produced in cells as an intermediate in the metabolism of choline to glycine.
See Also Vitamin B-15
GABA An amino acid that functions as a neurotransmitter in the brain.
GABA is synthesized in the brain from glutamate and glucose, and functions as an inhibitory neurotransmitter (it blocks nerve impulses). GABA is concentrated in the hypothalamus region of the brain and is known to play a role in the overall functioning of the pituitary gland (where HGH is secreted) - which regulates growth hormone synthesis, sleep cycles, and body temperature.
Glutamic Acid Glutamic Acid (Glutamate) is a non essential amino acid, a precursor to Glutamine and GABA (Gamma-Aminobutyric Acid) and a key molecule in cellular metabolism serving as a metabolic fuel for other functional roles in the body.
Glutamic Acid (Glutamate) helps speed the healing of ulcers; gives a "lift" from fatigue; helps control the craving for sugar.
Glutamic Acid is a component of GTF and is required for the production of other nonessential amino acids and folic acid. Assists in the metabolization of sugars and fats. L-Glutamic Acid is abundant in the brain as a neurotransmitter sending messages from one brain cell to the next. Glutamic Acid increases firing of neurons in the nervous system. Helps correct personality disorders. The brain converts L-Glutamic Acid to a compound that regulates brain activity. A deficiency in L-Glutamic Acid can result in brain damage. L-Glutamine nourishes the brain and is important for the prevention of depression, impotence and fatigue. L-Glutamic Acid is abundant in the brain as a neurotransmitter sending messages from one brain cell to the next.
Glutamine Glutamine may help to maintain muscle, boost the immune system, support gastrointestinal health, and sustain healthy growth hormone levels.
Of the 20+ amino acids needed for protein synthesis, glutamine is the most abundant, making up 50% of all amino acids in the blood and 60% of those in the body. It is found in high concentrations in skeletal muscle, lung, liver, brain, and stomach tissue.
Glutamine is important in the fight against fatigue, schizophrenia, mental disabilities, and is a precursor to a healthy digestive tract. Converted to glutamic acid in the brain and is important for cerebral function. Dr. Richard Passwater, in his paper titled "14 doctors confirm L-Glutamine Improves I.Q"., stated that L-Glutamine effects brain cell activity and is one two types of fuel necessary to nourish the brain.
Glutathione (GSH) Glutathione is a tri-peptide amino acid that helps eliminate the formation of free radicals.
Glutathione aids the liver in detoxification, may helps slow the aging process, and may also aid the cardiovascular and immune systems in preventing and treating other health conditions like cancer and heart disease. Glutathione as an antioxidant that neutralizes peroxides and free radicals which help defend your lens, macula and other eye tissues from free radicals.
Glycine Glycine is a non essential amino acid.
Glycine can be obtained from protein food or synthesized in your nervous system from the amino acid threonine or in your body from serine. Helps trigger the release of oxygen to the energy requiring cell-making process; Important in the manufacturing of hormones responsible for a strong immune system. Glycine corrects hyperacidity, aids in the construction of RNA and DNA, and helps stabilize heart arrhythmia and muscle tissue after heavy exercise.
HistidineHistidine is a natural amino acids that is a precursor to histamine and present in proteins, and is essential amino acid in children and important for adults.
Found in high concentrations in hemoglobin; has been used in the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis, allergic diseases, ulcers & anemia.
Found effective when used in the treatment of allergic diseases, rheumatoid arthritis and ulcers. May help un-block nasal passages, resolve redness and swelling. Histidine creates a balancing action that may prevent some allergies. Amino acids stimulate the immune system, helping to better fight off viruses and infection.
Responsible for healthy blood and the transport of oxygen in the body. Important in the regulation of blood sugar levels.
They provide ingredients for the manufacturing of other essential biochemical components in the body, some of which are utilized for the production of energy, stimulants to the upper brain and helping you to be more alert.
Believed to be responsible for lowering high blood sugar levels, and is important in the healing of bones, skin, and muscle tissue.
Branched-chain amino acids provide ingredients for the manufacturing of other essential biochemical components in the body, some of which are utilized for the production of energy, stimulants to the upper brain and helping you to be more alert.
Lysine Lysine insures the adequate absorption of calcium; helps form collagen; aids in the production of antibodies, hormones & enzymes. Helps in collagen formation and in the repair of tissue.
A deficiency may result in tiredness, inability to concentrate, irritability, bloodshot eyes, retarded growth, hair loss ,anemia & reproductive problems.
Lysine is known for its use in soothing the effects of herpes. May improve the endurance to stress and battle fatigue. Found to be low in the serum of vegetarians. Lysine aids in the absorption of calcium, and deficiencies could lead to calcium excretion (kidney stones) and possible dwarfness. Strengthens the thymus gland and immune system. Plays and important role in collagen formation in tissue, which in necessary for neutralizing viruses and repairing damage the eye lens. Researchers have found that weight reduction can be improved with the use of a combination of the amino acids L-Ornithine and L-Arginine enhanced by L-Lysine.
Needed for proper growth and bone development. Used especially by those recovering from injury or surgery.
Methionine A sulfur bearing amino acid that detoxifies heavy metals (such as lead) and excessive levels of Histamine. A powerful antioxidant preventing free radical damage to tissues.
Produces Choline a brain food, and may help with the digestive system, helps in the breakdown of fats, prevents the buildup of fat in the liver and arteries, premature hair loss and fights fatigue. Beneficial for people with allergies. L-Methionine helps increase neuro-transmitters in the brain. Helps create adrenaline, which controls sexual activity and mitigates the effects of high histamine levels.
The principle supplier of sulfur which prevents disorders of the hair, skin and nails; helps lower cholesterol levels by increasing the liver's production of lecithin; reduces liver fat and protects the kidneys; a natural chelating agent for heavy metals; regulates the formation of ammonia and creates ammonia-free urine which reduces bladder irritation; influences hair follicles and promotes hair growth.
A vital lipotropic amino acid that helps maintain liver health. Needed for proper metabolism of our dietary fat. Assists in the removal of toxic wastes from the liver. Inadequate dietary methionine makes liver work harder. A powerful antioxidant which protects against free radicals, particularly superoxide radicals produced by alcohol metabolized in the liver.
Ornithine Ornithine is necessary for proper immune system and liver function, detoxifies ammonia and helps skin stay healthy. Ornithine promotes healing.
Ornithine accelerates tissue repair and wound healing. Once HGH is released the body can build muscle and at the same time decrease body fat. Ornithine may aid in detoxifying ammonia in the body fluids that is poisonous to living cells in the urea cycle. Thought to build the immune system and promote proper liver function. L-Ornithine promotes healing.
Phenylalanine Phenylalanine is an electrically-neutral, nonpolar essential amino acid. Phenylalanine is one of the twenty common amino acids used to biochemically form proteins, coded for by DNA.
Phenylalanine is structurally closely related to dopamine, epinephrine (adrenaline) and tyrosine. Phenylalanine is a direct precursor to the neuromodulator phenylethylamine.
Proline Proline is a non essential amino acid and one of the 20 proteinogenic units used in living organisms as building blocks of protein.
Proline is extremely important for the proper functioning of joints and tendons; helps maintain and strengthen heart muscles. Proline is a critical component of cartilage, and for the health of joints, tendons and ligaments.
An amino acid naturally found in vegetables, fruits, dairy products, and meat. It is normally present in large amounts in the human brain, cerebrospinal fluid, and blood.
Serine Serine is a non essential amino acid.
Serine is known to increase the immune system by building up antibodies, aid in the proper metabolism of fats and fatty acids, and assist in the growth of muscles. A storage source of glucose by the liver and muscles; helps strengthen the immune system by providing antibodies; synthesizes fatty acid sheath around nerve fibers.
Taurine Taurine is a conditionally-essential - non-proteogenic - sulfur bearing amino acid like substance, found in the bodys tissues, bloodstream, heart, muscles and the nervous system.
Taurine helps regulate the contraction of the heart muscle and is the most abundant amino acid in the heart. Important in the building skeletal muscle and white blood cells and the central nervous system. Taurine is the key component in the formation of bile, needed for the digestion of fats, the absorption of fat and fat-soluble vitamins and the control of serum cholesterol levels.
A relaxant that increases alpha-waves producing mental and physical relaxation decreasing stress and anxiety, without inducing drowsiness
Threonine Threonine is an essential amino acid and is a precursor of both amino acids Glycine and Serine in the body which are necessary to make collagen, elastin and muscle tissue.
Threonine helps maintain proper protein balance in the body while playing a key role in liver, immune and central nervous system functions. The amino acid Threonine is required to properly metabolize fats in the liver. In the nervous system, Threonine increases glycine levels important in individuals with muscle twitching and the symptoms of ALS (Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis).
Tryptophan L-Tryptophan is a chemical precursor for Serotonin in the body, known as 5-hydroxy-tryptophan or 5HT. Serotonin is the major neurotransmitter within the brain and found to have decreased in people who are depressed and suffer from chronic pain syndromes
Tryptophan is important in the transfer of nerve impulses; has been found to produce a calming effect used in the treatment of stress, anxiety and depression. Because of these qualities it is responsible for normal sleep. It also takes part in the process of burning extra body fat and aids in weight control.
Tyrosine Involved with the important brain neuro-transmitters epinephrine, norepinephrine and dopamine. Tyrosine is synthesized in the body from existing levels of phenylalanine.
Stress is associated with reduced levels of norepinephrine. Tyrosine prevents reduction of norepinephrine levels that are associated with stress. Many clinical studies, along with a large body of anecdotal evidence, indicate that tyrosine may prove to be a vital substance in alleviating depression, as well as the irritating symptoms of premenstral syndrome. Tyrosine is used as an aid in the treatment of and withdrawal from cocaine addiction. Tyrosine is a direct precursor to Thyroxine as well as being a precursor to Adrenaline and Noradrenaline. Thyroxine is a primary Thyroid hormone. Thyroxine deficiency results in a series of conditions including excess weight gain, cold hands and feet, decreased basal metabolism, etc.
Precursor to norepinephrine and dopamine
Non-essential amino acid (PA is converted into it first)
Studied as an effective aid to cocaine withdrawal
When used properly with Leucine and Isoleucine, it aids in improving muscle metabolism and tissue repair; very helpful for after surgery or other stress put on the body such as most forms of exercising or heavy weight training.
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